Like humans, your cats need vaccines to prevent many diseases that can be contracted by other animals or insects. It is important to keep up to date on vaccinating your pets annually. Vaccines will boost your pet’s immune system by producing disease-fighting antibodies. Whether or not your pet is welcome outdoors, they are still at risk from any bugs or bacteria that may enter the home. Below is a list of vaccines for your cats, along with the diseases and illnesses they prevent.
The rabies vaccine prevents just that: Rabies. This is a viral disease that can be fatal in dogs and cats. This disease can also be transferred to humans! Rabies is transmittable through animal bites, where the virus then enters the host and reproduces, spreading to the salivary glands. Some clinical signs of rabies include changes in behavior, depraved appetite (chewing on non-food related items such as stones or wood), progressive paralysis, and eventually violent seizures leading to death. Unfortunately, there is no treatment for rabies, however it can be prevented with a 1- or 3-year rabies vaccine! This vaccine is REQUIRED by law.
FVRCP stands for Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus, Panleukopenia. Rhinotracheitis is feline herpes. Calicivirus and Panleukopenia are considered the feline distemper. RCP causes upper respiratory infections and if untreated, can be fatal. Clinical signs include lethargy, vomiting, diarrhea, and fever. This virus is contagious, and herpes will be carried lifelong. It is important to vaccinate with this combination at an early age. There is a 2-step series for this vaccine, then it is given annually.
Feline Leukemia Virus depresses the immune system, causing constant infection. FeLV causes anemia and many kinds of cancers. Unfortunately, there is no cure for FeLV. Symptomatic care can be provided, but ultimately the virus will lead to fatality. This virus is transmitted through bodily fluids between cats. FeLV is a 2-step vaccination series and is highly recommended at a young age. After, the vaccine is given annually.